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How to Grow Mushrooms in the Philippines

Posted on June 13th, 2009

Mushrooms, usually mistaken to belong to the fruit family but is actually a type of vegetable is a delicacy. Growing mushrooms only require a small place and little amount of time. In fact, it can be grown throughout the year. Its culture is now becoming popular in the Philippines. But despite of the cited advantages, there are inadequate cultures of mushrooms here in this country which may be attributed to lack of sufficient materials for planting it and the insufficient knowledge about the culture of mushrooms.

Nowadays, the Bureau of Plant Industry through its Vegetable and Legume Section is producing mushroom offspring in abundance. Basic yet essential method in the culture of Volvariolla volvacoa, a banana or rice straw type of mushroom is shown in this article.

Banana leaves and dry rice straw (common types of bedding materials)
Alternatives: jute sacks, water hyacinth, abaca waste, cotton waste, corn stalks and sugar bagasse.
Containers to be used as soaking tanks
Empty cement bags, sacks, or gauge no.6 plastic sheet (any of the following)-to be used as covering of the bed.

1. From the rice straws or banana leaves in the field, chose those that are long and those which are not contaminated and old. Materials for bedding are better if clean.
2. If using rice straws, look for the thicker end (butt) and join it together. Collect and bundle bedding materials up to 6-8 inches in diameter.
3. Maintain the bundle materials to 1.5-2 ft. long only.
4. For at least 3 hours, dip the bundle materials in water. Wait for the materials to absorb enough moisture. But make it sure that it will not be in water for more than 10 hrs.
5. Make sure that the bed will have a support.
6. Coming from water, closely compressed it with even distribution and set.
7. Using 1-2 tbsp. per gallon of water of urea or ammonium sulfate, water the bed well. To further improve the quantity of mushrooms, add 33 grams of sugar per gallon of water.
8. Put a pressure to level the surface layer while watering. Stop when the water starts to drip.
9. Measuring four (4) inches or (10.2cm) from all the side, insert a spawn about the size of a thumb, around the bed. Make sure that it has the same distance of four (4) inches or (10.2cm) from each spawn. Avoid starting planting at the middle of the bed to ensure the even distribution of the spawns.
10. Put the second layer of straws atop the first layer, join the thicker part (butt) in two opposite directions then water and put pressure down to level the surface. Continue doing the same procedure up to the sixth layer.
11. After doing the procedure, cover it, with the covering materials you have provided, for seven days.

Gathering the Mushrooms

About 13 -15 days from the day of seeding, the first growth of mushrooms can be seen in flushes if proper care and maintenance is done. Watering is put on hold during occurrences of flushes and is only resumed when the flush has stopped. In order to gather the mushrooms, follow the following procedures:

1. Make sure that when the mushroom is gathered, you include the stump because it may cause rotting which may affect the other mushrooms.
2. The small buttons must not be disturbed so extra care must be taken when gathering mushrooms.
3. Mushrooms which are more moist and juicy are more preferred.
4. Usually, trays or kaings are used to place the gathered mushrooms.

Caring for the Mushroom Bed
1. Keep the bed humid by covering it with plastic or any suitable materials for covering.
2. Due to cover, the bed is kept humid so watering is not necessary upon the removal of the cover.
3. Sprinklers may be used in watering. It should be done in enough amounts only to avoid soaking. Also, insufficient water is avoided as it may affect the proper growth of the mushrooms.

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This entry was posted on Saturday, June 13th, 2009 at 6:34 am and is filed under Agriculture, BYOB, How To, Philippine Business. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

14 Responses to “How to Grow Mushrooms in the Philippines”

  1. How To Grow Mushrooms From Scratch | How To Grow Mushrooms on September 28th, 2009 at 10:12 pm

    [...] How to Grow Mushrooms in the Philippines – Business | Global … – Mushrooms, usually mistaken to belong to the fruit family but is actually a type of vegetable is a delicacy. Growing mushrooms only require a small place and Philippines – Business | Global Filipino Entrepreneur | PinoyBusiness.ORG. [...]

  2. caglar on January 29th, 2010 at 4:28 pm

    It is a really helpful information about mushrooms. I live in a village and mushromms are very important for us,
    there is also a very useful guide that i got great informatin about mushrooms:


  3. joan on March 31st, 2010 at 8:03 am

    thanks a lot for the detailed infos. by the way where can we buy tiger mushroom spawn here in luzon? we are here in silang, cavite. we appreciate your immediate response.

  4. Nick on October 18th, 2010 at 5:05 pm

    Mushrooms are not vegetables or fruits, they are fungi

  5. Mark Purugganan on December 15th, 2010 at 3:10 pm

    We are conducting hands-on seminar on mushroom production specifically oyster mushroom. Please send an email to markpurugganan@yahoo.com or contact 09173533981

  6. tony hibbert on December 20th, 2010 at 10:33 am

    an excellent simple grass roots approach to small business. well done

  7. Earthling Mushroom Garden (EMG) San Mateo, Rizal on April 7th, 2011 at 2:59 pm

    Conducts Daily Hands-in Training Seminars on the Tissue Culture of Mushrooms

    Venue: Brgy. Sto. Nino, San Mateo, Rizal
    Seminar fee: P 3,000 per person

    Pls contact: Anne Quitan, Marketing Coordinator, CP No. 09287341350

  8. Benjamin Esteban on May 16th, 2011 at 3:17 pm


    What about the marketing of the produced? Are there wholesale buyers of the produced or we have to sell it in the market.

  9. B.T. of Mycofields on June 9th, 2011 at 6:04 pm

    Thank you for providing an interesting information on how to grow mushrooms. Mushrooms are the fruiting bodies of certain types of fungi and are considered as vegetables in common markets whenever available. Volvariella volvacea, also known as the paddy straw mushroom among other names it is called, is just one of several varieties of mushrooms cultured and grown in the Philippines. The Bureau of Plant Industry’s Agricultural Mycology Section also conducts seminars on Cultured Mushroom Production. I hope this portion you provided on the matter will encourage more people to give mushroom growing in their backyards a try. More power.

  10. EARTHLING MUSHROOM GARDEN on September 15th, 2011 at 1:48 pm


    just contact us; 09206118418

  11. EARTHLING MUSHROOM GARDEN on October 3rd, 2011 at 2:06 pm


    just contact us; 09206118418

  12. Den on June 1st, 2013 at 9:43 am

    Where can I buy mushroom sprawns to start with? I live in Taytay, Rizal. Thanks

  13. Redberry Farm on January 14th, 2014 at 2:06 am

    We conduct hands-on training on mushroom growing every Saturday. Venue is Dasmarinas, Cavite. There is a schedule on January 25. Pls call Ms. Malou at 0922-8770224 or 0917-815-7852 to register.

    We also sell fruiting bags, grain spawn and master tissue culture. Fresh oyster mushroom also available daily.

  14. Anne's City Farms Enterprise (ACFE) on October 8th, 2014 at 9:40 am

    Conducts Daily (8 Hours) Hands-on Training Seminars on the Tissue Culture of 7 Varieties of Locally Grown Mushrooms

    Time/Days: 8:30 AM – 5:30 PM, Mondays to Saturdays
    Venue: Rizal

    Also sells training manuals, ready to fruit bags & spawns; & herbal soaps, anti-radiation/energy saver stickers, gas saver devises & alkaline water sticks.

    Contact Person: Lolito Clemente, Marketing Manager, CP No. 09322724521 (Sun)

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