Posted on June 18th, 2009
It all started as a backyard enterprise which later on grew and formed large farming operation. Among the animal enterprises in the Philippines, chicken broiler and egg production are most progressive nowadays. Yet, in spite of the growth of poultry industry, its problem also continues to grow. Critical problems such as poultry diseases and parasites should be given proper attention. To avoid unnecessary expenses in managing their poultry farms, poultry raisers must learn how to properly take care of their stocks.
Guides in Breeding Chicken
â€¢ When purchasing stock, it should only be bought from reliable hatchery or dealer. Make sure that the chicks are disease free and deformities, this is possible if you are sure that the stocks are well- housed and managed.
â€¢ Determine what really is the purpose of raising chicken
â€¢ Broiler chicken should be at 33 grams at one day old. They must be growing fast and have uniform sizes.
â€¢ High egg production and length of productivity should be considered for layers.
Other Guides in Caring for Chickens, Layers, and Chicks
Care during Hot weather- Hot weather can stress birds, and so their production of eggs is affected. If it is too hot, fowls gasp for air. For fowls, it is necessary to provide more drinking water than usual during hot weather. Providing more fats in the meals of chicken instead of pure corn is more appropriate as this will help cool their bodies. Also, giving fat during hot weather can help the chicken gain more weight.
Alternative feeds- Based on a study, watermelon peel can replace ordinary commercial feeds up to 20%.
â€¢ Soap powder helps in digestion, decreases fat and restraint some intestinal parasites that is why it can also be added to chicken feed to increase the weight of the chicken according to long time experienced farmers.
Caring of chicks- Ammonia which comes from the decaying feces of chicks can cause respiratory illnesses. Providing good ventilation is necessary to prevent these problems. Since they are still young, they are prone to infection of different diseases. This must be prevented specially during the first week of their life which is 15% of their growth.
Layers- Noise, based on a study is one of the major factors that affect the quantity of eggs being laid. Layers should be kept in quiet environment to ensure better egg production. You can identify if it is a poor layer if it has a dim eye, pale comb and if it is skinny and dormant. This type of layer must be removed for it will only cost food and space.
Increasing egg laying-Adding 200 grams of salt for every 2 sacks of feed will help to increase quantity of eggs laid. Light is also necessary for the maturity of growing layers to increase their ability to lay plenty.
Egg shells- Giving vitamin D to layers will help them lay eggs with stronger shells which may prevent eggs from easy breakage. Due to different composition of egg shells like potassium, phosphorus and sulfur, it can be of other use such as fertilizers.
Collecting Eggs- A warm surrounding can easily spoil eggs so it will be better to gather them 3 times a day especially during hot weather. Have a basket or a container where you can sort and place the gathered egg.