Posted on August 11th, 2009
Numerous farm tribulations are encountered by the Filipino farmers. Among these are questions as to which of the problems should be given the priority. In what way could the rice producing program work? What blocks and which is the major holdup in the farming industry?
Ms. Imelda Arida, a specialist in science research of PhilRiceâ€™s Socioeconomics Division, used a 10-year period data from 1997 and was able to follow the drift surrounding the farmers. The PhilRice and the Bureau of Agricultural Services had a joint scheme in gathering the data which is called the Integrated Farm Household Analysis Project and is utilized in the study.
Several impediments are found which includes employment difficulties, cheap price of palay, insufficient irrigation method, not enough funds and post harvest amenities, pests and diseases, and expensive inputs. According to Arida, having a limited budget and pests and diseases during wet season extensively affected the production of rice. On the other hand, the system in irrigation shows a critical part all year round.
An approximate of 0.10% to 0.12% decrease in production is anticipated for farmers who experiences setback with pests and diseases, and irrigation system, correspondingly during wet season. Likewise, the productivity of farmers dealing with insufficient water supply in the dry season would be 0.17% lower.
Arida noticed that there were a few unpredicted outcomes.Â She learned that an increased in production was probable for farmers encountering low cost of palay and post harvest dilemmas. She also pointed out that farmers must have developed their methods based on the foreseen problems.
During arid months, low cost of palay and high price of inputs had a growing inclination to rice production. Arida added that the costly input must have impelled farmers to utilize pesticides and fertilizers. According to her, the reason for this is that numerous farmers must have been using machineries which radically improved the production. This should not be construed as the farmers are fine lacking facilities to aid them in post harvest, cheap costs of palay and pricey inputs, nonetheless.
According to Dr. Leocadio S. Sebastian and Dr. Arsenio N. Balicasan post harvest facilities account to 5% increase.Â Arida further noted that input prices and stabilizing palay can even yield the overall production.
Directions of Policy
Among the chief problems in rice production are insufficient funds and resources, pests and diseases supervision, and irrigation methods. Arida said that the study could strengthen and improve the rice program in our country.
There is a need to focus on managing pests and diseases problems since it results to low production. While a growing shift was noted in the number of farmers encountering troubles with water supply for farming.
Having inadequate funds or lack of capital was also a major setback. Programs are offered to rice farmers to assist them financially but very little improvement was noticed.
Arida concluded that giving importance to farmers and addressing their difficulties would considerably boost the rice production. Drs. Balicasan and Sebastian observed that irrigation factor adds to 25% increase in rice growth. Arida said that joined together, this would result to a success in accomplishing rice self-sufficiency.